Cairodating


Over time, similar games associated with religious rites spread throughout the Mediterranean and Middle East.Many balls have been found in excavations in the tombs at Saqqara, nine miles south of Cairo, dating back more than 5,000 years.Two players can be seen hitting a small ball with long sticks which have been bent and broadened at the ends. This primitive game called Hoksha is still played in Egypt.

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Dr Outhwaite will speak on “Lewis, Gibson and the Discovery of the Cairo Genizah” and we look forward to hearing what he has to say on this subject.A recently discovered hieroglyphic dating to around 1475BC shows the Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III holding a ball and a bat, suggesting America’s favourite national pastime may well date back further than originally thought.Around 2000BC the Greeks developed a kicking or throwing game, Episkyros (also called Phaininda).The object of the game – played by 5 to 12 players – was to keep the ball in your own half, with your opponents trying to steal it.

The use of passing and tackling bears a striking resemblance to rugby or the medieval mob football which took its inspiration from the Roman settlers.

There is a trilobed entry portal with muqarnas and an inscription band, with fourteen shops located to either side.