Dating welsh men
adverse to the English nation." By that time, the Saxons had full control of Wessex and Mercia.The Anglo-Norman kings of England had conquered Wales militarily by the 13th century, and under Henry VIII the country was incorporated into the Kingdom of England by the Laws in Wales Acts in the 16th century.Many elements of the Welsh economy and society since then have been shaped by demands from England, and Wales has been described as "England's first colony".The second of the Acts of Union (1542) established the Court of Great Sessions to deal with major misdemeanours in Wales: of the 217 judges who sat on its benches in its 288 years of existence, only 30 were Welshmen and it is unlikely that more than a handful of the latter – members of the higher gentry – actually spoke Welsh.
Gradually, the Welsh language – which remained the language of the overwhelming majority of the Welsh – regained some of the ground it had lost.
Owain Glyndŵr's rebellion in the early 15th century was the last armed rebellion of the Welsh against the English.